Tour Operators and Travel Agencies Climate Change Question 5
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For getting to and from the destination, does the brand (company) have a policy to offer transport with lower carbon footprints (such as direct flights within Europe or replacing the shorter legs of an indirect flight with train or bus)?
Dutch version: Biedt het merk (bedrijf) alternatieve manieren van transport naar en van de bestemming aan die CO2 uitstoot verminderen, zoals directe vluchten binnen Europa of het verminderen van het aantal/lengte van vluchten?
German version: Bietet die Marke/das Unternehmen alternative Reisemöglichkeiten an - zum Beispiel Bus- oder Bahnreisen statt Kurzstreckenflüge - die den CO2 Ausstoß geringer halten?
This question is designed to assess the measures brands are taking to reduce the carbon emissions generated by tourists getting to and from their destinations. There are two ways of reducing these emissions that seem to be effective (see page 18 of Professor of Tourism Stefan Gössling’s presentation at the ANVR Changes in Tourism Expo):
1. Reducing the number of flights needed to get to a destination (e.g., making flights more direct with fewer transits)
2. Replacing the shorter legs of an indirect flight with alternative transport, such as train or bus.
The average carbon emissions per km generated by short-haul flights are higher than for long-haul ones. According to United Nations Environment Programme (see here), the average emissions from flights of less than 1,000km are 0.18 tonnes of CO2 per 1,000km travelled. For flights longer than 1,000km, this drops to 0.11 tonnes of CO2 per 1,000km travelled). This is because taking off requires a relatively large amount of fuel.
Another way of reducing the carbon emissions from transportation to and from the destination, is to replace stages of indirect flights with alternative transport. For example, instead of flying Amsterdam-Paris-Madrid, the Amsterdam- Paris leg could be taken by train.
- [Brand] has a policy to offer transport with lower carbon footprints to the destination, such as […]
- [Brand] does not communicate whether there is a policy to offer transport with lower carbon footprint, on its website.
- [Brand] communicates that it has a policy to offers transport with lower carbon footprint, but does not provide any clear examples.