Generic Carbon Emissions Question 2

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Question

Has the brand (company) disclosed the annual absolute carbon footprint of its 'own operations'?

  • Dutch version: Heeft het merk (bedrijf) de absolute 'CO2-voetafdruk' van de eigen bedrijfsvoering gepubliceerd?
  • German version: Veröffentlicht der Markenhersteller eine absolute Klimabilanz zum eigenen Betrieb?

Reference

This question relates to indicators EN5, EN6, EN7 and especially EN16 and EN18 of the of the Global Reporting Initiative. A carbon footprint is "the total set of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by an organization, event, product or person." For this question, the carbon footprint should at least cover the CO2 emissions.

A carbon footprint consists out of:

Own operations:
Scope 1: Direct Emissions: Emissions from the sources that are owned or controlled by the company, for example, owned and leased offices, vehicles, factories and shops
Scope 2: Indirect Emissions: Emissions from the used electricity for all of its own sources

Optionally: third-party operations
Scope 3: Other Indirect Emissions: Emissions from suppliers/factories that are NOT owned by the company, business travel, transportation & distribution, employee commuting & teleworking

Please note: Staff flights/travel are regularly included in the footprint as part of the 'own operations' footprint (though it's technically reported as Scope 3 emissions).

For more background on the scopes we refer to the GHG Protocol, see e.g. p.26.

Ranking guideline

A ‘Yes’ is applicable when:

  • Companies publish a carbon footprint including the results from earlier years that give a clear breakdown of the inputs that contribute to this footprint (e.g. Scopes 1 and 2).
  • Companies indicate that they have reported their carbon footprint on a publicly available website and the ranker has independently verified that it meets our criteria (see hints/reminders in section below).

A ‘No’ is applicable when:

  • The brand (company) has clearly not published the absolute carbon footprint.

A ‘?’ is applicable when:

  • Companies publish the carbon footprint only relative to e.g. turnover, number of products sold, number of employees etc. The carbon footprint should always be presented in absolute terms.
  • The published carbon footprint is incomplete: e.g. some part of the company operations are excluded.

Answering guidelines

Answer Yes:

  • [Brand / Company, brand owner of brand] publishes the carbon footprint of own operations, from [year] to [year], see [reference including page number].

Answer No:

  • [Brand / Company, brand owner of brand] does not publish the carbon footprint of own operations, from [year] to [year], see [reference including page number].

Answer ?:

  • [Brand / Company, brand owner of] publishes the carbon footprint of own operations, from [year] to [year], see [reference including page number], but only relative to [sales / employees / items sold] and not the absolute figures.
  • [Brand / Company, brand owner of brand] publishes the carbon footprint of own operations, from [year] to [year], see [reference including page number]. However, the footprint is clearly incomplete, missing are [operations in country / activities]

Hints/Reminders

  • This information is often published in a CSR report, however, we can use other information that is publicly available provided that the brand/company references it first on their own site. For example, when a brand indicates that they have reported their carbon footprint on a publicly available website such as the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) website, we can also check that location. Rankers should still verify that the brand has reported on BOTH Scope 1 and 2 emissions.
  • Check the brand website for details first, but often this information can be found on the brand owner website (try sections of the website that are titled: Sustainability, CSR, Corporate Information, Investor Relations, etc.).
  • Keywords might include: carbon, CO2, footprint, emissions, CDP, reduction, operations, etc.