Chocolate

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Chocolate Questions

In this section, you will find the list of 'Chocolate' questions. The questions are categorized into three areas: Climate Change, Environmental Policy and Fair Trade / Labour Conditions. Clicking on a question heading will provide you with more background information, guidelines and possible justification for the question.

Chocolate is made from various ingredients of which cocoa is mostly the main ingredient. Other ingredients used are (milk)powder, sugar, (palm)oil, and ingredients for filling such as nougat, (hazel)nuts, praline or rice. How cocoa is grown and how chocolate is produced, please watch the following youtube video. For more information about the cocoa value chain, read further here.

Click here for the Category and Free Tag Instructions for the Chocolate Section.

Click here to see what to do when a brand does not provide any information on CSR or on one of the 3 themes: Brand no information

Questions about Climate Change

Chocolate Climate Change Question 1:
Is there a policy for the brand (company) to minimize, reduce or compensate carbon emissions?

Chocolate Climate Change Question 2:
Has the brand (company) disclosed the annual carbon footprint of its 'own operations'?

Chocolate Climate Change Question 3:
Has the brand (company) already reduced or compensated the carbon footprint of its ‘own operations’ by at least 10% in the last 5 years?

Chocolate Climate Change Question 4:
Has the brand (company) set a target to reduce the carbon footprint of its 'own operations' by at least 20% within the next 5 years?

Chocolate Climate Change Question 5:
Does the brand (company) also have a policy to reduce/compensate carbon emissions generated from the supply/production chain?

Questions about Environmental Policy

Chocolate Environmental Policy Question 1:
INACTIVE Does the brand (company) use organic certified cocoa? INACTIVE

Chocolate Environmental Policy Question 2:
Has the brand (company) signed a commitment to use 100% of certified cocoa by 2020?

Chocolate Environmental Policy Question 3:
Does the brand purchase cocoa from sources (plantations) that are certified to e.g. reduce the use of chemicals and pesticides, preserve biodiversity, prevent deforestation and reduce water use?

Chocolate Environmental Policy Question 4:
Does the brand (company) purchase at least 25% cocoa from sources (plantations) that are certified to e.g. reduce the use of chemicals and pesticides, preserve biodiversity, prevent deforestation and reduce water use?

Chocolate Environmental Policy Question 5:
Does the brand (company) purchase at least 50% cocoa from sources (plantations) that are certified to e.g. reduce the use of chemicals and pesticides, preserve biodiversity, prevent deforestation and reduce water use?

Chocolate Environmental Policy Question 6:
Does the brand (company) purchase at least 100% cocoa from sources (plantations) that are certified to e.g. reduce the use of chemicals and pesticides, preserve biodiversity, prevent deforestation and reduce water use?

Chocolate Environmental Policy Question 7:
Does the brand (company) have a policy to purchase its fillings (e.g. nuts, caramel, nougat, praline) and other ingredients (such as milk, sugar, oils and fats) from sustainable sources?

Chocolate Environmental Policy Question 8:
Does the brand (company) have the objective to only source sustainable palm oil for all products by 2015 at the latest, and has the brand already purchased sustainable palm oil in order to prevent deforestation for palm oil plantations? NEEDS UPDATE, WWF in 2013: "there is absolutely no reason why any company shouldn’t be at 100%" [1].

Chocolate Environmental Policy Question 9:
Does the brand (company) have clear objectives to reduce the weight, or increase the sustainability of its consumer packaging and does the brand annually report on these results, for public review?
FORMULATION UPDATE DECEMBER 2012: Does the brand have clear objectives to minimize the environmental impact of packaging or does the brand already show clear 'best practices' regarding more sustainable packaging?

Questions about Labour Conditions / Fair Trade

Chocolate Labour Conditions / Fair Trade Question 1:
Does the brand (company) purchase cocoa from sources (plantations) that are certified to e.g. have no child labor and no forced labor, and provide a better living standard for the farmers and workers who produce the cocoa?

Chocolate Labour Conditions / Fair Trade Question 2:
Does the brand (company) purchase at least 25% cocoa from sources (plantations) that are certified to e.g. have no child labor and no forced labour, and provide a better living standard for the farmers and workers who produce the cocoa?

Chocolate Labour Conditions / Fair Trade Question 3:
Does the brand (company) purchase at least 50% cocoa from sources (plantations) that are certified to e.g. have no child labor and no forced labour, and provide a better living standard for the farmers and workers who produce the cocoa?

Chocolate Labour Conditions / Fair Trade Question 4:
Does the brand (company) purchase at least 75% cocoa from sources (plantations) that are certified to e.g. have no child labor and no forced labour, and provide a better living standard for the farmers and workers who produce the cocoa?

Chocolate Labour Conditions / Fair Trade Question 5:
Does the brand (company) purchase at least 100% cocoa from sources (plantations) that are certified to e.g. have no child labor and no forced labour, and provide a better living standard for the farmers and workers who produce the cocoa?

Chocolate Labour Conditions / Fair Trade Question 6:
Does the brand (company) maintain a published list of cocoa suppliers, that have collectively contributed to more than 90% of the purchase volume?

Chocolate Labour Conditions / Fair Trade Question 7:
Does the brand (company) have a policy for the use of fairtrade certified or otherwise 'responsible' sugar?

Chocolate Labour Conditions / Fair Trade Question 8:
Does the brand (company) have the objective to only source sustainable palm oil by 2015 at the latest, and has the brand already purchased sustainable palm oil in order to stop e.g. forced labour and insufficient wages?

Chocolate Labour Conditions / Fair Trade Question 9:
Does the brand (company) have a policy to purchase its fillings (e.g. nuts, caramel, nougat, praline) and other ingredients (such as milk, oils and fats) from socially certified sources?

Questions on Nomination list

Question 1) Does the brand have a considerable, long-term commitment to improve the cocoa farmers working and living conditions, that goes beyond certification? For example by long term contracts, investments in farmer trainings or by investments in infrastructure?

Eligible:
- long term contracts (best practice: 100% by Tony’s Chocolonely) for a considerable part of (say 50%) of purchased cocoa volume, for at least 5 years
- a sustainability plan for which at least US$25 per ton of purchased cocoa is committed. To receive a yes, brands (companies) should publish the figures for: total committed amount, the time frame in which this amount will be spent, the annual volumes of purchased cocoa and the type of costs that the company finds eligible under this budget (e.g.: are staff flights included? Own personel? Certification costs? Marketing costs?).
The ‘considerable’ US$25 per ton is based on the commitment of Nestlé (12 million US$ for env. annually 400kT => US$30/ton). E.g. Hersheys does not meet this criterium: 10 million commited for the next 5 years on 200kT annual cocoa purchase –> US$10 per ton.

Question 2) Does the brand have a significant, long-term commitment to improve the cocoa farmers working and living conditions, that goes beyond certification? For example by long term contracts, investments in farmer trainings or by investments in infrastructure?

Eligible:
- long term contracts (best practice: 100% by Tony’s Chocolonely) for a significant part of (say 90%) of purchased cocoa volume, for at least 5 years, or 50% for at least 10 years
- a sustainability plan for which at least US$75 per ton of purchased cocoa is committed. To receive a yes, brands (companies) should publish the figures for: total committed amount, the time frame in which this amount will be spent, the annual volumes of purchased cocoa and the type of costs that the company finds eligible under this budget (e.g.: are staff flights included? Own personel? Certification costs? Marketing costs?).
The ‘significant’ US$75 per ton purchased cocoa is based on Mars (check) and Mondelez: 400million over 10 years for annually 450kT cocoa->US$89 per ton.

3) Does the brand have clear objectives to minimize the environmental impact of packaging, by reducing, re-using, recycling and responsible sourcing of packaging materials, and does the brand annually report on these results?
For inspiration, see the ranking guidelines in Beer_Environmental_Policy_Question_10