Apparel & Footwear Question 6

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Do independent civil society organizations like NGO's and labor unions have a decisive voice in this collective initiative or in these certification schemes?

  • Dutch version: Hebben bedrijfsonafhankelijke 'civil society' organisaties zoals NGO's en vakbonden een beslissende stem in dit samenwerkingsverband of in deze certificering?
  • German version: Sind unabhängige NGO's und/oder Gewerkschaften in der jeweiligen Multi-Stakeholder-Initiative (MSI) und/oder dem Zertifizierer entscheidungsberechtigt vertreten?


This question relates to aspect AF2 in the Reporting Guidelines & Apparel and Footwear Sector Supplement of the Global Reporting Initiative (“parties engaged in Code of Conduct implementation”).

See question 5(above) for details on how a collective initiative or certification scheme are defined.

We acknowledge FWF, ETI (including DIEH and IEH) and FLA as ‘Multi Stakeholder Initiatives’ (MSI's). This means that different types of stakeholders such as companies, trade union organizations, other workers' organization, labor and human rights NGO's, relevant government departments and academics have a formal and co-decisive voice within the initiative and are co-responsible for the integrity and credibility of the initiative. This is often realized by incorporating multi-stakeholders on the executive board of the initiative. Also eligible here is MADE-BY.

For certification schemes and monitoring initiatives at the supplier level we acknowledge SA8000, FLO WRC, GOTS and IVN as certifications that have been produce by ‘Multi Stakeholder Initiatives’ (e.g. Social Accountability International, International Working Group on Global Textile Standard, etc.).

Please note that some of the other initiatives mentioned in the previous question are not eligible to receive a 'yes' for this question. NGO’s like Clean Clothes Campaigns consider MSI’s as more credible than business controlled mechanisms like BSCI. Also, initiatives such as WFTO, that do not clarify the type of stakeholders that are part of their board recieve a "?" for this question since there is insufficient information available.

Ranking guidelines

A ‘Yes’ is applicable when:

  • A brand mentions its membership to one of the approved/acknowledged MSI’s, and the ranker has also verified this on the website of the respective initiative.
    • Approved initiatives include: Danish Ethical Trading Initiative (DIEH), Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI), Fair Labor Association (FLA), Fair Wear Foundation (FWF), Initiative for Etisk Handel / Ethical Trading Initiative Norway (IEH), and MADE-BY.
  • Brands purchase at least 30% of their supplies at acknowledged MSI certified/ monitored facilities.
    • Approved certification schemes include: Fairtrade Internation (FLO-CERT), GOTS, IVN, SA8000, and Workers Rights Consortium (WRC)
  • All the brand products are made in ‘low risk’ countries, see the list as defined by MADE-BY.

A '?' or 'No' is applicable when:

  • The answer in Apparel & Footwear Question 5 was a '?' or 'No', this question 6 can be answered with the same motivation.
  • A brand is a member of an initiative that does not meet our standards for a yes:
    • See above for examples: BSCI, WRAP, etc.

Answering guidelines


  • [SA8000 / FLO-CERT / GOTS / WRC / IVN ] is acknowledged as a certification scheme that meets this criteria.
  • FLA / DIEH / IEH / Made-By is acknowledged as a ‘Multi Stakeholder Initiative’ (MSI).
  • [Brand] is a member of ETI / FWF, which means that Labor Unions and/or business-independent NGO’s have a formal and co-decisive voice within the initiative and are co-responsible for the integrity and credibility of the initiative.

(Link Fair Wear Foundation: (Link ETI:

  • All products are made in [...], which [is a low risk country / are low risk countries] as defined by MADE-BY (see page ...).


  • [Brand] is a member of the multi-stakeholder initiative Business Council for Global Development (BCGD), but this is not a well-known collective initiative.
  • NGO’s are not represented in the board of ...
  • [Brand] is a member of BSR, but crucial information about labor standards or audit methods is not found on the BSR website, so membership of this organisation is not counted as a 'yes'.


  • [Brand] does not communicate any information about being part of a collective initiative or purchasing from an accredited supplier, on its website.


  • See remark for labor conditions question 5.